Effect of Different Levels of Water Soluble Phosphorus in Complex Fertilizers on Crop Productivity and Soil Health

D. V. Bhagat(Research & Development Dept., Bio-Agro Research, RCF Ltd., Chembur, Mumbai-400074)
S. N. Gawade(Research & Development Dept., Bio-Agro Research, RCF Ltd., Chembur, Mumbai-400074)
R. C. Sharma(Research & Development Dept., Bio-Agro Research, RCF Ltd., Chembur, Mumbai-400074)
A. P. Kale(Research & Development Dept., Bio-Agro Research, RCF Ltd., Chembur, Mumbai-400074)
J. A. Shaikh(Research & Development Dept., Bio-Agro Research, RCF Ltd., Chembur, Mumbai-400074)
P Banik(Agriculture and Ecological Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata 700 108 (WB))

Abstract


Field experiments were undertaken on sandy soils with three cropping systems at Giridih, Jharkhand, India for two years during 2012-2014. The experiments were executed in split plot design by assigning water soluble phosphorus (WSP) fertilizers in main-plot and recommended dose of phosphorus (RDP) in sub-plot with three replications. The maximum economical yield of rice (4705 kg/ha), baby corn (842 kg/ha) and Chickpea (920 kg/ha) were recorded with the application of 30% WSP. The maximum economical yield of successive crops - wheat (3185 kg/ha), mustard (1720 kg/ha) and groundnut (1578 kg/ha) were recorded with the application of 30% WSP and 100% RDP treatment. Almost similar trends were noticed in terms of by-product yield, nutrient uptake and residual soil fertility status.  All the levels of WSP (30% - 89%) in complex fertilizers were found to be equally effective for grain yield, straw yield, nutrient uptake, and residual soil fertility.

Keywords


Water soluble phosphorus; Nitrophosphates; Cropping system; Yield; Soil fertility; Nutrient uptake

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