Assessment of Household Food Security and Its Determinants in Minjar Shenkora and Ada’a woredas of Central Ethiopia

Mekonnen Hailu(Food Security and Development, Agricultural Economics, Ethiopia Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/njas.v5i1.601

Article ID: 601

Abstract


Food security issues become one of the critical concerns and top priority areas for Ethiopia. This study analyzed rural households’ food security status and its determinants in Minjar Shenkora woreda of Amhara Regional State and Ada’a woreda of Oromia Regional State. Data were collected from 240 randomly selected rural farm households. The study employed both descriptive statistics and a binary logistic regression model to estimate the status and determinants of households’ food security, respectively. The findings indicated that the average dietary energy available for food secured households was 2,860.6 kilo calorie per day while 1,891.7 kilo calorie per day for the insecure group. According to the findings of the binary logit model, factors such as education level, farm size, livestock ownership, cooperatives membership, off-farm income and credit access have positive and significant effects on household food security. While household size has a negative and significant effect on household food security. The results recommend that interventions should target at improving rural financial services and off-farm activities that increase households’ income and focusing on those most significant variables when attempting to enhance household food security.

Keywords


Determinant; Ethiopia; Food security; Logistic model; Rural

Full Text:

PDF

References


Burchi, F., Fanzo, J., Frison, E., 2011. The role of food and nutrition system approaches in tackling hidden hunger. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 8(2), 358-373.

FAO, 1996. Rome declaration on world food security and world food summit plan of action. Food and Agriculture Organization.

FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP & WHO, 2021. The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021. Transforming food systems for food security, improved nutrition and affordable healthy diets for

all. Rome, FAO. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4060/cb4474en

Kahsay, S., Mulugeta, M., 2014. Determinants of rural household food insecurity in Laelay Maichew Woreda Tigray, Ethiopia. African Journal of Agriculture and Food Security. 2(1), 106-112.

USAID, 2019. Food Assistance Fact Sheet Ethiopia; USAID: Washington, DC, USA.

CSA & WFP, 2019. Comprehensive Food Security and Vulnerability Analysis (CFSVA). Ethiopia, WFP and Headquarters, WFP.

Diriba, G., 2018. Overcoming agricultural and food crises in Ethiopia: Institutional evolution and the path to agricultural transformation.

GFSI, 2021. Performance of countries based on their 2021 food security score. A report from the economist intelligence unit, Global Food Security Index 2021. Retrieved from http://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/Indexi oni June 1.

UNDP, 2021. Human development reports of Ethiopia. Retrieved on June 2021 from https://hdr.undp.org/en/countries/profiles/ETH.

Aidoo, A., Mensah, J., Tuffour, T., 2013. Determinants of Household Food Security in the SekyereAfram Plains District of Ghana, 1st Annual International InterdisciplinaryConference Proceedings, pp. 514-521, AIIC 2013, 24-26, Azores, Portugal.

Bashir, M., Schilizzi, S., Pandit, R., 2012. The Determinants of Rural Household Food security: The Case of Landless Households of the Punjab, Pakistan, Working Paper 1208, School of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia.

Bogale, A., Shimelis, A., 2009. Household level determinants of food insecurity in rural areas of Dire Dawa, Eastern Ethiopia. African Journal of Food and Agriculture, Nutrition and Development. 9(9), 1914-1926.

Tolossa, D., 2005. Rural livelihoods, poverty and food insecurity in Ethiopia, A case study at Erenssa and Garbi communities in Oromiya Zone, Amhara National Regional State, PhD Dissertation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Trondheim.

Mulugeta, M., 2009. Challenges and Opportunities of Volunatry Resettlement Schemes in Ethiopia: A Case from Jiru Gamachu Resettlement Village, Nonno District, Central Ethiopia. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. 11(3), 83-102.

Yamane, T., 1967. Statistics: an introductory analysis, 2nd ed., Harper and Row, New York.

Gujarati, D.N., 2009. Basic econometrics. Tata McGraw-Hill Education.

Gujarati, D.C.P., 2003. Basic Econometrics by Damodar N.

Mohammed, A., Wassie, S.B., Teferi, E.T., 2021. Determinants of Smallholders’ Food Security Status in Kalu District, Northern Ethiopia. Challenges. 12(2), 17.

Dawit, D., Zeray, N., 2017. Determinants of rural household food security in Wolaita Zone: the case of Humbo Woreda. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development. 32, 65-82.

Guyu, F.D., Muluneh, W., 2016. Determinants of seasonal food insecurity in the green famine belt of Ethiopia: the case of households in Belo-jiganfoy district, Benishangul-gumuz region. African Journal of Food Science. 10(11), 278-291.

Fekede, G., Lemma, Z., Jemal, Y., 2016. Determinants of farm household food security in Hawi Gudina district, West Hararghe zone, Oromia Regional National State, Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural. 8, 12-18.

Funmilola, F.A., Patricia, O.A., 2014. Determinants of food security among low-income households in Maiduguri Metropolis of Borno State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. 3(1), 74-86.

Gebre, G.G., 2012. Determinants of food insecurity among households in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia. Interdisciplinary Description of Complex Systems: INDECS. 10(2), 159-173.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2022 Mekonnen Hailu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.