Performance Evaluation of Manually Operated Mulch Laying Machine on Different Soil Conditions

Dr. SACHIN VISHNU PATHAK(College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.)
Er. AJINKYA VIJAY RANGHBHAL(College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.)
Er. CHETAN SHIVPRASAD BAGDE(College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.)
Dr. PRASHANT SHAHARE(College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.)
Dr. SAGAR MORE(College of Agriculture, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/njas.v5i1.703

Article ID: 703

Abstract


A machine with manual operation for mulch-laying machine with apunching arrangement was developed, and its performance was assessedat three different mulch paper thicknesses (15 m, 20 m and 25 m), threedifferent disc angles (35 degrees, 40 degrees, and 45 degrees), threedifferent punch spacings (250 mm, 500 mm, and 1000 mm), and threedifferent forward speeds (1.3 km/h, 1.5 km/h, 1.7 km/h) to investigate theireffects on field capacity, effective field efficiency, and punching efficiency.Utilizing randomised block design and response surface methods, theexperimental plan for optimization was created. All of the independentvariables’ combined effects on the dependent variables were found to bestatistically significant. The influence of operating speed and mulch paperthickness was found to be the most significant on the dependent variable.The effective field capacity and field efficiency increased from 0.11 ha/hto 0.19 ha/h and 72.04 percent to 89.51 percent, respectively, by increasingmulch paper thickness from 15 µm to 25 µm and operating speed from1.3 km/h to 1.7 km/h, whereas punching efficiency fell from 85.18 percentto 84.40 percent. Mulch paper of 15 µm and a disc angle value of 40degrees were optimised from the independent factors that were chosen foroptimal soil covering over the laid plastic mulch sheet. Punching efficiencywas maximised with performance optimised at 500 mm punch spacing.Additionally, the machine operated more efficiently at 1.5 km/h.

Keywords


Field efficiency; Punching efficiency; Response surface methodology; Mulch laying machine

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anonymous, 2011. Practical Manual on Plastic

Mulching., Department of Agriculture and Cooperation ministry of agriculture, GOI. pp. 1-15.

Anonymous, 2017. National Agricultural Scenario.

https://icar.org.in/files/state-specific/chapter/3.htm.

Avtade, 2015. Development of tractor operated mulch laying machine, submitted post Graduation Thesis, Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, CTAE, Udaipur. pp. 31-39.

Dutta, D., 2006. Studies on effect of planting method and mulch on summer groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). International Journal of Agricultural Science. 2(2), 441-443.

Game V.N., Chavan, S.A., Mahadkar, U.V., et al., 2017. Response of Rabi Sweet Corn (Zea mays saccharata L.) to Irrigation and Mulching in Konkan Region of Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research. 35(1), 27-30.

Jia, H., Wang, L., Hongjie, T., et al., 2010. Combined

stalk–stubble breaking and mulching machine. Soil & Tillage Research. 107, 42-48.

Khazimov, J.M., Khazimov, M.Z., 2011. To justification of the parameters of the work wheel of the seedling planting device for soil mulching. Journal of University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy. 46, 99-104.

Lawrence, M.J., Buckmaster, D.R., Lamont, W.J., 2007. A Pneumatic Dibbling Machine for Plastic Mulch. Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 23, 419-424.

Minto, J., 2016. Evaluation of Plastic Mulch for Mechanical Installation, Degradation and Moisture Distribution Pattern under Onion Cultivation. Submitted Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Department of Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, CTAE, Udaipur Chapter 4. pp. 64-81.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright © 2022 Dr. SACHIN VISHNU PATHAK, Er. AJINKYA VIJAY RANGHBHAL, Er. CHETAN SHIVPRASAD BAGDE, Dr. PRASHANT SHAHARE, Dr. SAGAR MORE

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.