自我报告症状对农民健康的概率评估:以尼日利亚库拉地方政府地区的卡诺州为例

Morufu Olalekan Raimi(1Department of Environmental Health Science, Kwara State University, Malete, Kwara State, Nigeria 2 Department of Community Medicine, Environmental Health Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria)

摘要


背景:今天,现代农业严重依赖农药的使用,每年以常规方式将惊人的1.5亿吨肥料和600万吨农药施用于田地和农作物,以提高农业产量。由于对人类的直接作用,许多农药已经成为一个问题。因此,想要增加信心和充实农民首先要认识到改变农药使用的必要性,无论是通过现有技术还是新技术,例如提高效率、降低成本或有效决策。目的:本研究的目的是评估尼日利亚卡诺州农民自我报告症状的发生频率。方法:建立了一份综合问卷,重点研究了社会人口统计学特征,与使用农药有关的不良健康影响的教育和经验,工作实践的描述以及研究区域农场中使用过的农药清单。在所收集的400份问卷中,有392份被检索并发现可用,占所收集问卷的98%。结果:结果表明,有46.2%的人使用该农药1-5年,48.1%的人使用了10-15年,这些症状的规律表明,大多数被调查者是定期出现这些症状的(头痛56.1%,胃痉挛53.8%,肌肉无力56.5%,呕吐56.8%,头晕58.3%,呼吸急促40.7%,视力模糊45.5%和眼睛刺激66.7%)。结论:专注于农业实践中的农药使用非常重要,因为它所强调的重点在于农民的收入、健康和福祉,在危险潜伏的卡诺州库拉农民地区的各个角落中,已经面临各种各样的长期健康风险的挑战。这当然应该引起州和联邦政府的担忧,政府必须更加发挥作为农民调解人的关键作用,因为这与强调没有贫困(目标一)、零饥饿(目标二)、确保良好健康福祉(目标三)的可持续发展目标非常一致。因此,有必要通过教育农民来持续努力减少食品污染。

关键词


可持续发展目标;伙伴关系与合作;决策;健康风险暴露;食品污染;农民收入

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参考


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v2i1.336

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