农业灌溉综合措施在阿塞拜疆市场经济中的应用效果:以库尔—阿拉克斯平原为例

Z. H. Aliyev(Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, 994, Azerbaijan)

摘要


本文的研究表明,生产率随着结构的改进而增加。这解释为,在直径为0.25mm、防水骨料为14%的土壤中,谷物产量为22.2美分/公顷,而防水骨料为8%。在土壤中,这一数字降至18.4美分/公顷(3.8美分/公顷)。众所周知,紫花苜蓿在改善土壤的水物理特性及其农业化学成分方面起着关键作用。研究表明,三叶草的抗水团聚体含量明显高于棉田。从以下比较中可以清楚地看出这一点。因此,棉花田0-10cm土壤中抗水聚集体的数量为4.0-18.5;0.5cm为6.5-11.2,20~30cm为4.5-18.2,而三叶草作物中抗水聚集体的数量为35.0;增加到24.7和27.0。此外,还揭示了苜蓿栽培过程中有机物和矿物质的积累。他们通过对一年和两年的土壤样本的分析证明了这一点。结果表明,一年生苜蓿地表层土壤腐殖质含量为1.66%,总氮含量为0.112%;两年生苜蓿地表层土壤腐殖质含量为1.70%,总氮含量为0.150%。应当指出,灌溉耕地灌溉侵蚀的发展依赖于该地区的表面被大面积覆盖的事实。观察结果清楚地表明了这一点。结果表明,相对弱雨(0.4 mm / min)和强雨(1.4 mm / min)均可防止三叶草土壤进一步被冲刷。大雨条件下,紫花苜蓿下沟深14.4 mm, 1.4 mm / min下沟深31 mm,棉花行间沟深50.9和64.2 mm, 6 mm行间沟深78.6和113 mm

关键词


土壤结构;水分;坡面;耕作;平整;团块组成;灌溉侵蚀

全文:

PDF

参考


. Aliyev, G. A. Soils of the Big Caucasus within the Azerbaijan SSR. Elm Publishing House. Baku 1978, 157.

. Aliyev, B. H., Aliyev, Z. H. and Aliyev, I. N. Problems Erosion in Azerbaijan and Said Russian Ways of Its Solution. Ziyaya-Nurlan Publishing House. Baku 2000, 12.

. Aliyev, B. H., Aliyev, Z. H. Technique and Technology of Low-Intensity Irrigation in the Conditions of the Mountainous Region of Azerbaijan. Elm Publishing House. Baku 1999, 220.

. Aliyev, B. H., Aliyev, Z. H. Irrigated Agriculture in the Mountainous and Foothill Regions of Azerbaijan. Ziyaya-Nurlan Publishing House. Baku 2005, 330.

. Aliyev, B. H., Aliyev, I. N. Some Problems of Agriculture in Azerbaijan and Ways to Solve Them. Ziyaya-Nurlan Publishing House. Baku 2004, 572. (in Azeri Language)

. Babayev, M. A., Jafarov, M. etc. Modern Pochennyj Cover of the Greater Caucasus. Baku 2017, 344. (in Azeri language)

. Biodiversity and Climate Diversity. AGI, UNEP 2007. http: «www. cbd.int /doc/ bioday/2007/ibd- -2007 booklet-01-ru. Pdf»

. International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry and Arid Regions (ICARDA) Irrigation Regime and Monitoring Technique. Edited by U. Umarov and A. Karimov C. Taraz: IC "AQUA". 2002, 128.

. Nosenko, V. F. Irrigation in the Mountains. Kolos Publishing House. Moscow 1981, 143.

. Markov, Y. A. Irrigation of Collective and Household Gardens of the Agricultural Organization. Agropromizdat Leningrad 1989, 64.

. Vernadsky, V. I. Works on the General History of Science. Nauka 1908.

. Mamedov, R. Q. Agrofizicheskaja Characteristics of Soil Priaraksinskoj Stripes. 1970, 321.

. Shyhlinskij, E. M. Climate in Azerbaijan. Baku 1968, 341.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v2i1.338

Refbacks

  • 当前没有refback。


版权所有(c)2021 Z. H. Aliyev

Creative Commons License
此作品已接受知识共享署名-非商业性使用 4.0国际许可协议的许可。
: +65 65881289 : contact@nassg.org