尼日利亚阿比亚州山羊养殖农民使用改进生产技术的评估

S. E. Onu(Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike)

摘要


该研究为尼日利亚阿比亚州(Abia State)农村农民使用改进山羊生产技术提供了经验证据。研究的具体目标是描述受访者的社会经济特征,确定改进山羊生产技术的使用范围,确定影响改进山羊生产技术使用的因素,并确定在研究区域获得和使用改进山羊生产技术的限制因素。采用多阶段随机抽样技术对120名受访者进行抽样。通过使用问卷收集研究数据,采用描述性和推断性统计分析为研究收集的数据。社会经济特征结果显示,受访者的平均年龄为43岁,大多数(69.16%)已婚,大约45%有中等教育,平均家庭规模的6人,多数(66.67%)为农民,平均武装经验为5.7年,平均月收入 102,000,平均农场规模为11只山羊,大多数(78.33%)为非合作社成员。改进山羊生产技术使用程度的结果表明,受访者高度使用了大多数改进山羊生产技术,总体平均值=3.20。关于使用改进的山羊生产技术的限制因素,所有受访者(100%)同意缺乏信贷会限制使用,100%同意缺乏技术信息来源的可信度,99.2%同意他们害怕承担风险,93.3%同意技术应用的困难等。OLS回归估计了受访者的社会经济特征对研究区域使用改进山羊生产技术的影响,结果表明,10%的年龄、1%的教育程度、1%的家庭规模、1%的耕作经验、1%的农场规模、1%的收入和5%的信贷获得是研究区域使用改进山羊生产技术的决定因素,并且否定了无效假设。总之,更多地使用现有的改进技术将提高生产力,因此需要有关机构适当地宣传和提高认识。研究建议,相关政府和非政府机构应向农民提供信贷,以提高现有改进技术的使用水平。

关键词


用途;改进山羊生产技术;农民

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参考


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v2i2.371

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