活性炭在染料废水处理中的吸附平衡、物理化学参数及脱色效果

Alhassan M()

摘要


染料和染色工业的废水构成了严重的环境威胁,引起了人们的重视。以高粱壳和玉米穗轴废料为原料制备活性炭,可制备可变比例的组成灰(1:1、1:3、3:1),方法是高粱壳和玉米穗轴在400-500℃的马弗炉中煅烧2.5小时,用HCl(1M)进行酸活化,然后用光谱仪(XRF)对其进行表征。结果表明,灰中以SiO2、Al2O3和Fe2O3为主氧化物(比例不同)。以相同接触时间、不同吸附剂投加量的染料废水为对象,考察了吸附剂对染料废水的脱色效果。结果显示,高粱壳的水分(96.80±0.56)、灰分(12.90±0.35)、pH值(6.3±0.17)、电导率(208±1.34)和容重(12.27±0.61)较高。以1:1的比例进行间歇吸附实验,得到了最佳的澄清度,其平衡吸附(Qe)最高为28.55,而1:3和3:1的平衡吸附分别为12.750和10.900。


关键词


吸附平衡;染料废水;活性炭;脱色

全文:

PDF

参考


Bansode, R. R., Lorso, J. N., Marshal, W. E., Rao, R. M. and Portier, J. (2002). Adsorption of metal ions by pecan shell granular activated carbon, Bioresource Technol.,89:p 115 – 119.

Garg, V., Amita, M., Kumar R., Gupta, R (2004). Basic dye (methylene blue) removal from simulated waste water by adsorption using Indian rosewood sawdust. Dye and Pigment. 63(1): p243-250.

Malik, P.K(2004) “Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics,”Journal of Hazardous Materials., Volume 113, Issues 1–3, 10,p 81–88

JyotsnaGoel, Krishna Kadirvelu ChitraRajagopal, Vinod Kumar Garg,( 2005)“Removal of lead(II) by adsorption using treatedgranular activated carbon: Batch and column studies”,Journal of Hazardous Materials.,Volume 125, Issues 1–3, 17, p211–220

Bansal, R. P. and Goyal, M. (2005). Activated Carbon Adsorption, CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, 6000 Broken Sound Parkway N.W, Suite 300 Boca Raton, FL, USA.

Crini G, badot, PM (2008) Progres in Polymer Science 33 399

Tadda , M.A. Ahsan, A , Shitu. A, ElSergany. M, Arunkumar, T. Bipin. J. Abdur Razzaque M. Nik Daud. N (2017). A Review on Activated Carbon: Process, Application and Prospects. Journal of Advanced Civil Engineering Practice and Research. 2(1):7-13,

Labanda J, sabete, J Liorens, J (2009) journal of membrane science 340 234

Lenzy GG, Evangelista, RF, Duarte, ER, Colpini, LSM, Fornari AC, Neto RM, Jorge, LMM, and Santos OAA (2016) desalination and water treatment 57(30) 14132

Shi, B, Li B Wang D Feng H and Tang H (2007) journal of hazardous materials 143 567

Akbari A, Remigy JC, and Aptel P (2002) Chemical Engineeering Processs 41 601

Pia AB, Roca, JAM, Miranda MIA, Clar AI, and Clar MII (2003) Desalination 157 73

Han R, Zhang J, Han P Wang y, Zhao Z and tang M (2009) Chemical engineering Journal 145 496

Shen, Y fan, CC, wei YZ, Du J, Zhu, HB and Zhao Y (2012) Dalton Trans 45 10909.

Lazim, ZM, Mzuin E, hadibarata T and Yusop Z (2015) Journal of Teknogi 74(11) 129

Mittal, A, Jain, R, Mittal J, Varshey S and Sikarwar S (2010) International Journal of Environmental Pollution 43 308

Ngah, WS, Teong LC, and hanafiah, MAKM (2011) carbohydrate Polymers 83 1446

Mahmoodi NM, Arami M and Gharanjig K (2013) Journal Of Environmental And Chemical Engineering 1 406

Kiakhani, MS, Arami, M and gharanjig, K (2013) Journal Of Environmental and Chemical Engineering 1 406

Aziz, H.A., Aliaz, S., Adian, M.N., faridah, Assari, A.H. and Zahari, M.S. (2007) Color removal from landfill leachate by coagulation and Flocculation processes. Bioresource Technology. 98 218-220

Buah. W. MacCarthy, J. Ndur, S.(2016). Conversion of Corn Cobs Waste into Activated Carbons for Adsorption of Heavy Metals from Minerals Processing Wastewater. International Journal of Environmental Protection and Policy. 2330-7536

Galvan-Ruiz, M., Hernandez, J., Banos, L., Noriega-Mntes, J. and Rodriguez-Garcia, M.E (2019). Chaarcterization of Calcium Carbonate, Calcium Oxide and Calcium Hydroxide as Starting Point to the Improvement of Lime for Their Use in Construction. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 1-20 available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/232815496

Kaghazchi T, Madadi M, Yeganeh, M. Soleimani,(2006) in proc. Of CHISA (Ed: Jan Novosad), Czech Society Chemical Engineers, Prague, Czech Republic,

Odebunmi, E., Okeola, F (2001). Preparation and characterization of activatd carbon from waste material. Journal chemical society of Nigeria 26(2): 49-155.

Itodo, U.A (2010); Comparative Studies on the preparation, Adsorption and Evaluation of Activated carbon from selected Animals and agricultural wastes. a Ph.D thesis UDUS

Omomnhenle, S., Ofomaja, A., Okiemen, F (2006) sorption of methylene blue by unmodified and modified citric acid saw dust. Journal chemical society of Nigeria. 390 (1 and 2): p161-164.

Zahangir, A., suleyman A. and Noraini, K (2008) production of Activated carbon from oil palm empty fruit Bunch for Zn Removal. Bul. Conference proceedings 12th int’l water Tech conf. IWTC12 Egypt. P373-383.

Gimba, C., Ocholi, O., Nok, A (2004). Preparation of activated carbon from agricultural coastes ii. cyanide binding with activated carbon matrix from groundnut shell. nig journal of scientific research. 4 (2); p106-110.

Rahman, A., Saad, B., Shaidan, S. and Rizal, S. (2002). Adsorption characteristics of malachite Green on ctivated Carbon Dervied from Rice Husks produced by Chemical Thermal process. Bioresearches Technology, 90(14): p1578-1583

Umar, K. J., Alhassan, M. Ahmad, T. I., Zauro, S. A., Sani, N. A., Lawal, A. M. & Hassan, L. G.(2012). The Proximate, Mineral And Fatty Acids Profile Of White Grubs (Scarabidae)

African Journal of Natural Sciences 2012, 15, 7 - 11

Yoshiyuki, S.,. Yutaka, K. (2005) paralysis of plant, animal and Human waste; physical chemical charctristics of the pyrolytic product. Bioresoruce Technology 90(3); p241-247

Alhassan, M., Faruq, U.Z. and Galadima, A. (2019). Mixed-Metal Oxide Catalyst for Liquid Phase Benzene Alkylation. Earthline Journal of Chemical SciencesISSN (Online): 2581-9003 Volume 2, Number 2, 2019, Pages 217-234 https://doi.org/10.34198/ejcs.2219.217234

Odewumi, S.C., Adekeye, J.I.D. and Ojo, O.J. (2012) Petrogenesis and Geotectonic settings of the Granitic rocks of Idefin-Osi-Eruku Area, South western Nigeria Using trace Elements and Rare Earth Element Geochemistry. African jurnal of Natural Sciences 15, 39-51

Zhang, B. , Ji, Y., Wang, Z., Liu, Y., Sun, H., Yang, W. and Wu, P. (2012) Liquid-phase alkylation of benzene with ethylene over postsynthesized MCM-56 analogues, Applied Catalysis A:General 443-444; 103-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2012.07.028




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v2i2.379

Refbacks

  • 当前没有refback。


版权所有(c)2021 Alhassan M

Creative Commons License
此作品已接受知识共享署名-非商业性使用 4.0国际许可协议的许可。
: +65 65881289 : contact@nassg.org