埃塞俄比亚与玉米(Zea mays L)作物生产和生产力相关的研究成果:系统综述

Dessalegn Ayana(Department of Plant Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia)

Article ID: 416

摘要


尽管在不同的中心进行了大量的玉米研究,但埃塞俄比亚的生产和却生产力略有变化。因此,本次综述旨在说明如何发展玉米生产和生产力,并将其用于通知该国粮食安全有关的机构。我研究了不同的报告玉米生产成果的论文、同行评审期刊文章数据库、学者谷歌和其他网站。共回顾了 70 篇论文,其中包括 20 篇论文,其中 51.2% 描述了玉米生产,34.6% 描述了作物单位面积的生产力,14.2% 描述了当地农民对农业投入利用的不足。农作物新品种和化肥的使用在全国范围内较为广泛。然而,在小农领域的实际应用,技术支持较少,涉及相对传统的作物管理方式。大多数研究结果,特别是那些来自农艺实践的研究结果,表明玉米具有广泛的灵活性,适合生产。

关键词


研究成果、玉米、生产和生产力

全文:

PDF

参考


FAOSTAT, 2010. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Database: http// faostat.fao.org. Accessed on September 10/2017.

FAOSTAT, 2013. Food and Agriculture Organization Statistical Database: http// faostat.fao.org.

MOA. (2005). New agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: Ministry of Agriculture

Chikoye D, Schulz S, Ekeleme F (2004) Evaluation of integrated weed management practices for maize in the northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. Crop Protection 23: 895-900.

Chikoye D, Udensi UE, Fontem A, Lum (2005) Evaluation of a new formulation of atrazine and metolachlor mixture for weed control in maize in Nigeria. Crop Protection 24:1016- 1020.

Abate, T. (2007). Focusing agricultural research to address development needs: Direction for agricultural research in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa: EIAR.

Asresie Hassen, Molla Tafere, Mekonen Tolla, Abel Ahmed, Seferew Dagnew, Yihenew G.Selassie, Desallegn Molla and Alemu Worku .2015. Best fit practice on reduced tillage for maize production BDU-CASCAPE Technical working paper no 9.

Central Statistical Agency (CSA). 2013. Area and production of major crops. Agricultural sample survey2012/13, private, peasant holdings, Meher season, Statistical Bulletin 532, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Central Statistics Agency (CSA). 2014.Agricultural sample survey report onprivate peasant holdings, meher season 2013/20014 VOLUME I, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.

Casal, J.J., Deregibus, V.A.and Sánchez, R.A., 1985. Variations in tiller dynamics and morphology in Lolium multiflorum Lam. vegetative and reproductive plants as affected by differences in red/far-red irradiation. Annals of Botany, 56:533-559.

Vega, C. R. C., Andrade, F. H. and Sadras, V. O. 2001. Reproductive partitioning and seed set efficiency in soybean, sunflower and maize. Field Crop Research, 72: 165-173.

Gardner, F.P., Pearce, R.B. and Mitchell, R.L., 1985. Physiology of crop plants. Ames Iowa State University.

Sangoi, L. and Salvador, R.J. 1998. Influence of plant height and leaf number on maize production at high plant densities. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 33:3, pp.297-306.

Onwueme, I. C. and Sinha, T. D. 1991. Field crops production in tropical Africa. Technical Center for Agricultural and Rural Co-operation (CTA), the Netherlands. pp.159-170.

Gonzalo M., T.J. Vyn, J.B. Holland and L.M. Mcintre. 2006. Mapping Density Response in Maize : A Direct Approach for Testing Genotype and Treatment Interactions. Genetics, 173 (1):331-348.

Amona Tolka 2014 Effect of Varieties and Plant Density on Yield and Yield Components of Maize (Zea mays L.) in Ofa District, Gesuba, Southern Ethiopia, Msc. Thesis Haramaya Universsity, Haramaya Ethiopia.

Tolera Abera1, Daba Feyisa, and D. K. Friesen (2009) Effects of Crop Rotation and N-P Fertilizer Rate on Grain Yield and Related Characteristics of Maize and Soil Fertility at Bako, Western Oromia, Ethiopia, East African Journal of Sciences 3 (1) PP 70-79

Walelign Worku. 2004. Maize-tef relay intercropping as affected by maize planting pattern and leaf removal in southern Ethiopia. African Crop Science Journal. 12(4):358 367

Wondimu Bayu, Molla Addisu, Besufekad Tadesse and Legesse Admassu, 2007. Intercropping tef and sunflower in semi-arid areas of Wello, Ethiopia. Trop. Sci., 47(1): 16–21.

Tesfay A, Amin M, Mulugeta N (2014) Management of Weeds in Maize (Zea maysL.) through Various Pre and Post Emergency Herbicides. Adv Crop Sci Tech 2: 151




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12349/rwae.v2i3.416

Refbacks

  • 当前没有refback。


版权所有(c)2021 Dessalegn Ayana

Creative Commons License
此作品已接受知识共享署名-非商业性使用 4.0国际许可协议的许可。
: +65 65881289 : contact@nassg.org