以种植不同作物的小高加索地区阿塞拜疆山麓地带为例的土壤生态状况研究

Z. H. Aliyev(Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry of ANAS, Baku, 994, Azerbaijan)

摘要


研究是对以下类型的土壤进行的,这些土壤在阿塞拜疆最普遍:灰棕、灰土草甸、灰棕和山地灰棕。这些土壤的共同点是腐殖质深入渗透到土壤剖面中,并且随剖面下降非常缓慢。根据我们的研究结果证明,土壤中25-50厘米层腐殖质含量为2.00-2.12%,全氮含量为0.112-176%,矿物形态氮含量与以前的土壤几乎相同,而相对于其他研究的土壤,磷和可交换钾的含量有所增加。这些土壤中碳酸盐的含量很低(CaCO3 -6.4-10.4%)。吸收的碱以钙为主,占总可交换阳离子的 60.3-76.7%。吸附复合物中可交换钠含量低,占总量的2.7-4.7%,而可交换镁含量相当高。山地灰棕壤的水分状况主要由大气降水量和土壤水分蒸发过程决定。

关键词


碳酸盐含量;淋溶;山棕;灰棕;灰草甸;灰棕(板栗);灰棕(板栗)土壤;侵蚀缓解;雨养

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12349/rwae.v2i4.442

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