探索人类活动如何扰乱生物地球化学循环的平衡:来自碳、氮和水文循环的证据

Morufu Raimi(Department of Community Medicine, Environmental Health Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.)

摘要



今天在我们周围都有明确的证据证明,人类对生物地球化学循环产生了可观察到的影响,这可能会对人类造成严重后果。人类活动直接和间接影响生物地球化学循环。如果学者们能够弄清楚特定的人类行为如何影响生物地球化学循环的程度,他们(研究人员)将能够提出关于如何更好地定位以提出旨在减轻最严重干扰的策略的想法。本文旨在探讨人类活动如何影响与碳、氮和水文循环相关的生物地球化学循环的平衡。文献分析尝试使用各种搜索引擎,例如 Scopus、Researchgate、PubMed、Google Scholar、Summon、Hinari、CAB Abstract、OARE Abstract、Academia、Dimension、Mendeley、SSRN 检索研究出版物、“灰色文献”的搜索策略以及工作组的专家报告。本文回顾了在该主题上所做的一些工作,并找出所有研究中感兴趣的会聚结果,以及针对这一危机提出的解决方案,目的是防止未来发生。由于众多人类活动的作用,生物地球化学循环的几个组成部分的特征/特征正在发生变化,这很可能导致长期变化。必须预测这些变化的幅度和程度,以便及时采取所需的改善措施。


关键词


生物地球化学循环;人类活动;最严重的干扰;改善措施

参考


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12349/rwae.v2i4.446

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