Exploring How Human Activities Disturb the Balance of Biogeochemical Cycles: Evidence from the Carbon, Nitrogen and Hydrologic Cycles

Olalekan Morufu Raimi(Department of Community Medicine, Environmental Health Unit, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria)
Abiola Ilesanmi(Department of Plant and Environmental Biology, College of Pure and Applied Sciences, Kwara State University, Kwara State, Nigeria)
Ogah Alima(School of Health and Life Sciences, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom)
Dodeye E. Omini(Faculty of Environment and Technology, University of the West of England, United Kingdom)


All around us today there is a clear evidence proof suggesting an observable influence by human on biogeochemical cycles which are likely to cause serious consequences for humanity. Activities of human affects the biogeochemical cycles, both directly as well as indirectly. If scholars were able to make clear the degree of how specific human actions is affecting the biogeochemical cycles, they (researchers) would be able to come up with ideas on how to better position toward suggesting strategies aimed at mitigating against disturbances that are worst. This paper aims at exploring how human activities affect the balance of biogeochemical cycles in relation to the Carbon, Nitrogen and Hydrologic Cycles. A literature analysis attempts to use a diversity of search engines such as Scopus, Researchgate, PubMed, Google Scholar, Summon, Hinari, CAB Abstract, OARE Abstract, Academia, Dimension, Mendeley, SSRN search strategy toward retrieving research publications, “grey literature” as well as expert reports from working group. This paper review some of the work done on this topic as well as locate the converging results of interest in all the studies as well as proffered solutions toward this menace with the purpose of forestalling future occurrence. Due to the actions of numerous human activities, the characteristics/features of several components of biogeochemical cycles are experiencing changes which are most likely led to long-term changes. It is essential to forecast the magnitude as well as degree of these changes so that the needed ameliorative actions could be originated well in time.


Biogeochemical cycles, Human activities, Worst disturbances, Ameliorative measures

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v2i3.426


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