Economics of Pulse Production in Bundelkhand Region of Uttar Pradesh, India: An Empirical Analysis

Prabhakar Kumar(Division of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India)
Ankhila R. Handral(Division of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India)
Biswajit Monda(ICAR-National Rice Research Institute (NRRI), Cuttack, Odisha, India)
R. K. Yadav(College of Agriculture, Lakhimpur Kheri Campus, C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, India)
P. Anbukkani(Division of Agricultural Economics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India)

Article ID: 560

Abstract


Bundelkhand region contributes more than half of total pulse area of the Uttar Pradesh state but the productivity is below the state average, which calls for various technological interventions, development of infrastructure and marketing strategies. This study assessed the profitability of pulse cultivation, identified the constraints and suggested policy measures using the data collected during 2016-2017 from 100 pulse growers selected from two backward districts of Bundelkhand region, namely Jalaun and Hamirpur. Growth in area, production and yield was estimated using data for 1980-2015 through compound annual growth rate and the highest growth was observed during 1980-1990 period. Modern cost concepts were used to assess the profitability of pulse cultivation and results revealed that the cost of cultivation per hectare was significantly higher in pigeon pea in comparison to gram, pea and lentil crops. The marketing charges paid by the village trader, wholesaler and retailer ranged between INR 20 to INR 40 per quintal for different crops. It was also observed that the quantum of marketable surplus and its percentage share to total production in pigeon pea, gram and lentil increased with the increase in size of land holding. The pulse production in the region faced with constraints related to production, processing and marketing. Hence, technologies and infrastructure need to be embraced through suitable policies to favour farmers, so as to maintain balance and keep the interest of both producers and the consumers.


Keywords


Bundelkhand; Cost of cultivation; Marketable surplus; Pulse production

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36956/rwae.v3i3.560

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